Do you still remember that time your child spoke his/her first words? How about the first time he/she was able to stand up and walk on his own? These “firsts” along with the other functional skills exhibited early in their lives are called developmental milestones.
These milestones are the significant indicators that your child is improving physically, mentally, emotionally, and socially. Subtle factors such as genes, diet, and environmental conditions can influence the progress of your young one’s growth.
Generally, a 4-month old should be able to grasp objects when placed into his/her hands. By 8 months, he/she should be able to make crawling movements when lying on stomach. On his first birthday, he/she should be able to raise him/herself to a sitting position. These and all other signs help in understanding the progress of a child’s development.
However, if two or more major areas of development do not seem to improve at an age range, your child may have Global Developmental Delay (GDD), also known as Developmental Delay. A young child may have delays in such domains as:
- Cognitive skills: the ability to think, learn, and deal with problems
- Speech and language skills: the ability to use, communicate, and understand language
- Fine and gross motor skills: the ability to use small and large muscles in the body
- Social and emotional skills: the ability to express, connect, and relate to other people
- Daily living activities: the ability to handle daily tasks in general (i.e. dressing, eating, and bathing