Each part of the body works together to perform daily tasks efficiently. From getting out of bed to doing writing tasks in school or at work, all of these activities demand a successful integration or coordination of different functions from different faculties.
Without coordination, individuals may not be able to do and accomplish daily tasks harmoniously. This lack of coordination is commonly known as Dyspraxia or Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD).
Dyspraxia primarily affects balance, body movement and fine and gross motor skills. Motor skills are the actions involving the brain, the nervous system, and the muscles in the body.
Fine motor skills are the small movements such as holding a pen or spoon and fork, picking up objects, and other uses of small muscles (i.e. fingers, wrists, lips, tongue, and toes). Gross motor skills, in contrast, are the bigger movements such as sitting upright, rolling over, and other uses of large muscles in the legs, arms, torso, and feet.
Young people with dyspraxia often have difficulties on both educational (i.e. writing, reading) and recreational (i.e. playing with toys, body movement tasks) activities. Upon reaching adulthood, many of the difficulties will persist depending on the environmental pressures and life experiences. Overall, it can affect participation and function in their day-to-day life.