SYDNEY, Australia — The term Learning Disabilities seems to be broad. However, it is defined as a neurological disorder in which there is some difference where how the brain is wired, giving five types of learning disabilities. In this blog, we will be talking about the diagnosis and treatment of learning disabilities.
The Tomatis® Method will counter these learning disabilities though how complex it may seem.
How are Learning Disabilities (LD) diagnosed?
Early detection and intervention of LD for a child are vital. Sometimes, parents and teachers are unaware of the LD until the child consistently fails in school. If a child appears to be experiencing problems in language and other academic areas, therapists must perform a thorough assessment.
The key persons in evaluating for LD must be qualified professionals with the required educational training and experience. Teachers can assess LD, while a specialist may diagnose a child for possible problems in a specific academic area. A psychologist can use the appropriate test or standard IQ test and achievement tests in reading, math, and writing.
What is the test used to determine Learning Disabilities (LD)?
Based on DSM-5 on Special Learning Disorders, psychologists undertake to learn disability assessments by:
Reviewing the child’s history: developmental, educational, medical, and family
Collating relevant information: academic reports, tests scores, and teachers’ observations
Writing an evaluation: response or result of academic interventions
Still based on DSM-5, the four specific learning disorder (SLD) symptoms can be used as a guide in diagnosing:
Criteria A: Present difficulties in school-age years. Reading, writing, math, and reasoning persisted and failed to improve even with intervention for at least six months.
Criteria B: The difficulties are assessed using standardised achievement tests. The scores are significantly lower than atypical children of the same age.
Criteria C: The difficulties are apparent in the early school years.
Criteria D: The difficulties must not be caused by other developmental, neurological, motor, and sensory disorders. These difficulties affect the functioning and activities of daily living.